How Transportation Will Change In The Future

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How Transportation Will Change In The Future – By 2050, the ways we get from point A to point B will change dramatically thanks to automation, machine learning, hyper-rapid transit and sub-orbital spaceflight.

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How Transportation Will Change In The Future

How Transportation Will Change In The Future

Welcome to our Life 2050 series. In a previous article, we looked at how change and environmental issues will affect the future of war, economics, education, everyday life, and space exploration (in two parts). Today, we see people getting from A to B by mid-century, whether across town, from one city to another, or across a continent.

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Transportation is another area at risk of major revolution in the coming decades. In many ways, this revolution is happening thanks to the introduction of autonomous vehicles, the widespread adoption of electric vehicles, the rise of renewable energy, and the emergence of commercial spaceflight.

Between now and 2050, these technologies and trends will accelerate and lead to the creation of new transportation infrastructures that will be different from what we know today. In any case, the following factors will contribute to this revolution.

Of course, tomorrow’s infrastructure will be built on top of existing transportation networks. It includes urban centers with automated traffic management systems, existing public transit networks, including road networks, highway and rail systems connecting major urban centers, and airports serving flights between countries and continents. between

Problems with this existing infrastructure include its dependence on fossil fuels and its aging and obsolescence. According to a 2020 analysis by the American Road and Transportation Builders Association, about 231,000 bridges (more than 1/3) in the US.

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Similarly, a 2017 report published by the World Economic Forum (WEF) ranked 137 countries based on their economic competitiveness. According to the report, developed countries such as France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Spain, USA and Great Britain are facing problems due to infrastructure degradation. In particular, the condition of roads and bridges has caused great concern

However, the growing issue of climate change complicates matters somewhat Rather than simply repairing their aging infrastructure, developed countries must modernize their transportation networks with sustainability in mind. As the old saying goes, “Necessity is the mother of invention.”

In addition to increasing demand for food, water, and utilities (such as electricity), this increase in transportation will also increase air pollution. According to a 2012 report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), called Environmental Outlook 2050, greenhouse gas emissions, particulate matter and ground-level ozone will increase significantly by 2050.

How Transportation Will Change In The Future

It could also mean that the number of premature deaths due to air pollution could double to 3.6 million deaths per year (mainly in China and India). These statistics become particularly alarming when we consider the younger generations, who will experience higher mortality rates as a result.

The Transportation Sector Emits 14% Of Worlds Greenhouse Gas Emission

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 1.8 billion children (93%) worldwide breathe toxic air every day, resulting in 600,000 deaths in 2016 alone. This problem will be exacerbated as urbanization is expected to occur in developing countries. These areas have fewer health care facilities and energy is still produced from non-renewable sources.

In short, by 2050, urban air pollution will be the leading environmental cause of death: epidemics, dirty water, lack of sanitation, and lack of medical care. Addressing urban transport will be a public health issue as well as part of global efforts to combat climate change.

The nature of urban transport will change dramatically, keeping pace with the changing nature of cities themselves. Between 2021 and 2050, the urban population will outpace the rural population. This will create a two-pronged challenge, as more people living in cities will increase demand for food, housing, education and basic services.

Expanding cities will mean less farmland and green space to grow food, not to mention dwindling fresh water supplies. However, there is a flip side to this situation, as cities are centers of innovation and development, meaning that large urban populations can create new solutions for sustainable living.

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According to a 2019 report compiled by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, titled World Population Prospects 2019, the world’s population is expected to reach 9.74 billion by mid-century. That’s about 2 billion more people in thirty years. In addition to the number of people, there is also the question of where they will live

Today, about 56% of the world’s population lives in urban centers rather than in rural areas, which is about 4.4 billion people. According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), the world’s 50 urban population will grow to 6.6 billion by 2050, accounting for about 68% of humanity.

Similarly, urban growth will mean that some cities will outgrow others to become ‘megacities’. According to UNDESA, in 1990 there were only 10 megacities in the world, urban centers with a population of 10 million or more. Today there are 33 megacities in the world, including Osaka (19 million people) and Tokyo (37 million).

How Transportation Will Change In The Future

By 2030, the number of megacities is expected to reach 43, most of which are located in Africa, Asia and South America. By 2050, the Global Cities Task Force estimates that there will be 50 megacities, only five of which will be in Western Europe or North America: New York, Mexico City, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Paris.

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One in eight people (12.5%) today live in 33 megacities, while most of the world’s 4.4 billion urban dwellers live in small towns with populations of less than 500,000. By 2050, one in five (20%) of the 6.6 billion urban dwellers will live in one of the world’s 50 megacities.

By 2050, sales of electric vehicles (EVs) will reach 62 million units per year, with a global inventory of 700 million EVs. In terms of total sales, electronics will account for 56% of the global market, ahead of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, which account for the remaining 44%. This change will come with this change in the nature of infrastructure

By 2050, charging stations will be more common than gas stations and will benefit from the increasing use of renewable energy and smart grid technology. By 2050, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates that 49% of global electricity will come from renewable sources, followed by natural gas (23%), coal (23%) and nuclear (5%).

This will allow charging stations to be built where distributed electricity arrays are located. Biofuel stations will also be a common feature with increasing carbon sequestration operations in future urban development. These operations are based on the chemical “scavenging” of titanium dioxide (TiO²) or biomass (in the case of BECCS) from the air.

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The previously captured carbon is used with water and an electrocatalyst to create ethanol as a biofuel. Old cars will be able to be refueled at gas stations by combining recycled food waste to create biodiesel that is greener. Carbon can be used to produce electricity, heat and more biofuels using the BECCS process

So, for many commuters in 2050, refueling (or “gassing up”) a car will be a simple matter of charging into a station located in a city or rural area, usually where a large solar array or wind farm is installed. Alternatively, biofuels can be obtained by transporting to urban gas farms, where the fuel is produced using urban air pollution.

Another exciting development is that electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL), short take-off and landing (STOL) and personal air vehicle (PAV) concepts will become more common. In an era where traffic is a major problem, residents of major cities can hail taxis not only from the streets but also from rooftops.

How Transportation Will Change In The Future

Similar to how people hail Uber, Lyft, or traditional taxis with their smartphones, in the near future, city dwellers will be able to request air taxis from existing rooftop helipads or small landing strips. It is also likely that with the spread of air taxis, urban “airports” will be built.

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Recent examples of air taxis and PAVs include the aerospace Boeing NeXT, Vertical VA-X4, EHang Autonomous Aircraft (AAV), Zant/Carter PAV, Volocopter Velocity Air Taxi, Lilium Jet, and Personal Air and Earth. Vehicle (PAL-V). By 2050, electric flying taxis will likely become a regular feature of urban life.

Mass transit is expected to make a major comeback due to urban growth, socioeconomic changes, and demographic changes, all of which will force major cities to upgrade their infrastructure or face urban decline. The future of railways” in the report.

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