What Will Houses Look Like In 2050 – Following the Climate Energy Plan of Paris, which aims to reduce 75% of greenhouse gases by 2050, the “2050 PARIS SMART CITY” project is a research and development work on the integration of tall buildings with excess energy (BEPOS) produced through solidarity. together energy for the surrounding areas. In order to combat the urban heat island phenomenon while increasing the density of the city in the long term, this study presents 8 mixed tower prototypes. These towers repatriate nature in the heart of the city and integrate bioclimatic rules and short-loop renewable and recyclable energy into their design through innovative systems. They have turned to new social innovations, inventing the first new ecologically responsible ways of life to ensure the quality of life of the city dwellers with respect to the environment.
This study was carried out for the Paris City Hall by the agency “Vincent Callebaut Architectures” with the engineers “Setec Bâtiment” in the summer of 2014. The history and perspective of the development of high-rise buildings in 2050 in the context of the Paris Climate Energy Plan and 8 plus-energy and/or energy-bound prototypes are presented below:
- 1 What Will Houses Look Like In 2050
- 2 Designing Buildings That Are Both Well Ventilated And Green
What Will Houses Look Like In 2050
1. « MOUNTAIN TOWER »: HISTORIC PARIS _ 1st arrondissement, RUE DE RIVOLI Solar, hydrodynamic and planted bio-climatic towers, the urban heat island phenomenon. 2. « ANTI-SMOG TOWERS »: HISTORIC PARIS _ 14th arrondissement A 23 km ecological corridor in the heart of Paris punctuated by pollution-free photocatalytic towers. 3. « PHOTOSYNTHESIS TOWERS » : MODERN PARIS _ 15th arrondissement, MONTPARNASSE TOWER Piezoelectricity and Central Park built in a vertical spiral with organic facades of green algae. 4. « BAMBOO NEST TOWERS » : MODERN PARIS _ 13th arrondissement, AREA MASSENA Thermodynamic garden towers planted with food gardens and orchards on the balconies. 5. « MELCELLA TOWERS » : PERIPHERAL PARIS _ 20th arrondissement, PORTE DES LILAS A beehive of energy-connected tiled housing. 6. « FARMSCRAPERS TOWERS » : PERIPHERAL PARIS _ 19th arrondissement, PORTE D’AUBERVILLIERS A vertical farm repatriating the countryside in the heart of the city. 7. “MANGROVE TOWERS”: ESTONA PARIS _ 10th arrondissement, GARE DU NORD Photosensitive towers rooted in piezoelectric stations. 8. « BRIDGE TOWERS » : ESTONIAN PARIS _ 16th arrondissement, PONT AVAL / 12th arrondissement, _ PONT AMONT Inhabited planted amphibious bridges over the river Seine upstream and downstream from Paris.
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1. « MOUNTAIN TOWER » HISTORIC PARIS _ 1st arrondissement _ RUE DE RIVOLI Solar, hydrodynamic and planted bio-climatic towers, the urban heat island phenomenon.
Paris has always been rebuilt on itself. Due to a lack of political ambition and vision for the future, is it now in 2014 doomed to remain a museum city or to gentrification? This is the question posed by the “Mountain Towers” of historic Paris and more precisely the rue de Rivoli.
Rue de Rivoli, called “wall street”, cuts through the heart of Paris with its austere elegance and magnificent austerity of neoclassicism, stretching from east to west for almost 3 km on the right bank of the Seine. The urban boundaries of the First Empire in the West, as well as in the Haussmann era in the East, in terms of the alignment and size of all the buildings of the street, offer Paris its monumental appearance with strict lines and a surprising effect of perspective. which suited Napoleon. who wanted to build a prestigious street dedicated to luxury.
This “eternal vast street that is as elegant as I am,” as Victor Hugo said, was created in the 18th century to solve traffic congestion and sanitary problems in the overcrowded old districts, while managing the popular uprising of the capital. The rue de Rivoli model was extended to all the new streets of Paris, leading to a standardization that some artists of the time, like the architect, saw as “suffocating monotony”.
What Will Cities In 2050 Look Like?
The “Mountain Towers” project aims to control fog, densify and naturalize a type of hyper-energetic and space-intensive urbanism through the construction of bioclimatic mountains integrating renewable energies on the roofs and in the heart of the blocks. “Mountain towers” with positive energies will thus make it possible to vertically triple the housing in each Paris block of flats by distributing the structural load through the old pipes of clogged chimneys.
Three types of renewable energy will be available in each tower: During the day, two huge photovoltaic and thermal solar bio-inspired shields from a structure delicately cut from dragonfly wings will generate electricity and domestic hot water. At night, a reversible water transfer station allows the urban cascade to flow from the top of the tower between rainwater retention tank tanks located at different levels, avoiding the need for batteries to store the electricity produced by the solar dragonfly. wings
Finally, garden balconies will surround the inhabited floors and will filter clean recycled waters rejected by the inhabitants through phytopurification and biocomposting.
2. « ANTI-SMOG TOWERS » HISTORIC PARIS _ 14th arrondissement _ Petite Ceinture A 23 km ecological corridor in the heart of Paris punctuated by pollution-free photocatalytic towers.
The World In 2050
The Petite Ceinture de Paris is an old double railway line of 32 kilometers that ran around Paris inside the boulevards of Maréchaux, which had a dual interest: to connect the radial lines that leave from the main Paris railway stations, allowing the exchange of freight between the networks, and to serve for strategic reasons the fortifications of Paris from the inside.
Abandoned by Parisians due to competition from the metro, the line has been closed to passenger traffic for most of the route since 23 July 2014. Currently, 60% of the line is outdoors (open ditch, embankment or viaduct). The remaining 40% is underground, in a covered trench or tunnel.
As of 2014, there are 61 bridges: 36 are of the “track” type (where the railway line crosses the road) and 25 are of the “street” type (where the road crosses the railway line). The city’s policy on this emblematic and historic site with a controversial fate is to transform this space into a green ecological corridor with the preservation of the railway heritage and triple multi-use of the site between the railway, cycle paths and pedestrian paths. Wildlife, grasslands, forests and vegetation are back on urban land
In this context, the “Antismog Towers” plan to transform railway tracks into green spaces through the integration of community food gardens grown by residents. Bike paths and urban vegetable gardens will be run vertically around the cyclone towers, purifying the soil with hydroponic phytopurification and filtering atmospheric fog thanks to its photocatalytic structure in titanium dioxide.
What Homes Could Look Like In 2050
These pollution-free towers will offer a strong urban density of cultured living thanks to their minimal impact on the ground and their trench architecture. They will be integrated at the geographical transitions between the radial Parisian boulevards and the PC and along existing ecosystems such as Buttes Chaumont, Monsouris Park, André Citroên Park, etc.
Energy-wise, these towers will generate electricity by integrating Darrieus-type axial wind turbines into a reinforced facade on one side, and on the other side into a photovoltaic flexible fabric that allows rainwater and roof dew to pass through. Regarding the thermal part, the temperature difference with the Petite Ceinture tunnels will be used to create geothermal cooling/heating pipes allowing to passively bioaerate the ambient air inside the tower. Those tunnels will be lit by piezoelectric walkways.
3. « PHOTOSYNTHETIC TOWERS » MODERN PARIS _ 15th arrondissement _ MONTPARNASSE TOWER Piezoelectric Central Park built in a modified spiral shape covered with bio-facades powered by algae.
In 1970, the foundations of the Montparnasse tower were laid on the site of the former Montparnasse station. This project was supported by André Malraux, Minister of Culture, and Georges Pompidou, President of the Republic. The oft-maligned Montparnasse Tower, set in an extension of the axis created by the Palais Chaillot, the Trocadero, the Eiffel Tower, the Champ-de-Mars and the Ecole Militaire parallel to the historic axis, was the tallest tower in Europe for more than twenty years. years until 1990.
Designing Buildings That Are Both Well Ventilated And Green
In 1975, three years after the completion of its construction, the construction of skyscrapers ended, because the municipality decided to prohibit the construction of a building with more than seven floors. The aim of the “Photosynthetic Towers” is to improve the aesthetic and energy-intensive effects of the Montparnasse Tower by turning it into a true vertical Central Park open to the public on the one hand and adding new positive-energy green algae bioreactor hanging gardens on the other.
In 2050, the Montparnasse Tower will be a carbon-neutral, fossil-fuel-free BEPOS ecosystem built in the form of a vertical public park on several floors overhanging the sky gardens. A railing will do
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